Positioned close to the autumn line of the Ocmulgee River, Macon had a 2019 believed population of 153,159. It will be the major town associated with Macon Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had around population of 228,914 in 2017. Macon can also be the greatest town inside Macon–Warner Robins Combined Statistical Area (CSA), a bigger trading location with around 420,693 residents in 2017; the CSA abuts the Atlanta metropolitan area simply to the north.

In a 2012 referendum, voters accepted the combination regarding the governments for the City of Macon and Bibb County, and Macon became Georgia’s fourth-largest city (right after Columbus). The 2 governments formally combined on January 1, 2014.

Macon ended up being started on the site regarding the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where Creek Indians lived-in the eighteenth century. Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 advertisement) on the basis of the rehearse of farming. The Mississippian culture built earthwork piles for ceremonial, burial, and spiritual reasons. The areas across the rivers within the Southeast was inhabited by native individuals for 13,000 many years before Europeans appeared.

Macon created during the website of Fort Benjamin Hawkins, built-in 1809 on fall type of the Ocmulgee River to safeguard town and establish a trading post with Native Us americans. The fort ended up being named in honor of Benjamin Hawkins, Superintendent of Indian Affairs the Southeast area south of this Ohio River for more than 20 years. He existed one of the Creek and ended up being hitched to a Creek woman who had been as soon as a Macon escort. It was the most inland point of navigation regarding the river from the Low Country. President Thomas Jefferson forced the Creek to cede their particular places east for the Ocmulgee River and bought the fort built. (Archeological excavations in twenty-first century found evidence of two split fortifications.)

Macon is the birthplace or hometown of musicians Emmett Miller, The Allman Brothers Band, Randy Crawford, Mark Heard, Lucille Hegamin, Otis Redding, minimal Richard, Mike Mills, and Bill Berry of R.E.M., including more modern artists like violinist Robert McDuffie and country artist Jason Aldean. September Hase, an alternative rockband, had been discovered in Macon. Capricorn Records, operate by Macon locals Phil Walden and quickly Alan Walden, made the city a hub for south stone music when you look at the belated 1960s and 1970s. Composer Ben Johnston was also produced in Macon.

The Macon Symphony Orchestra, a childhood symphony, and the center Georgia Concert Band perform on Grand Opera home in downtown Macon.